XPath (XML Path Language) is a language for addressing elements in a XML or HTML document. XPath expressions describe paths in a tree represention of the document.
XPath is very fast compared to manual DOM traversal (see e.g. getElementsByClassName Speed Comparison).
This page is intended for tips and gotchas related to using XPath in Greasemonkey scripts, not complete documentation. See the links below for that.
Using XPath in Greasemonkey
The most convenient way to use XPath in Greasemonkey scripts is with a helper function. The insides of that function illustrate the less convenient way.
Note that relative XPath expressions, that start from some specific node, do not begin with a
/. Start them with a period, e.g.
.//a, or an axis, e.g.
descendant::a. The default axis is
child, so just
a works to find an immediate descendant.