Difference between revisions of "XPath"

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(→‎XPath Checker: Fixed typos. Added some info on Firebug support.)
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Note that relative XPath expressions, that start from some specific node, do not begin with a <code>/</code>. Start them with a period, e.g. <code>.//a</code>, or an axis, e.g. <code>descendant::a</code>. The default axis is <code>child</code>, so just <code>a</code> works to find an immediate descendant.
Note that relative XPath expressions, that start from some specific node, do not begin with a <code>/</code>. Start them with a period, e.g. <code>.//a</code>, or an axis, e.g. <code>descendant::a</code>. The default axis is <code>child</code>, so just <code>a</code> works to find an immediate descendant.


== XPath Checker ==
== Extensions ==
You can quickly determine the xpath to an element with the [https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/1095 XPath Checker] addon. Just right-click an element, and select "XPath". A window will popup with the expression. You can also experiment with new expressions, and see the result immidiately. nice!
 
You can quickly determine the XPath to an element with the [https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/1095 XPath Checker] addon. Just right-click an element and select "XPath". A window will pop up with the expression. You can also experiment with new expressions interactively.
 
In [http://getfirebug.com/ Firebug], you can right-click a node in the HTML inspector and select "Copy XPath". A <code>$x</code> function (like the XPath helper linked above but with no support for specifying a context node) is available in the Firebug console.


== Links ==
== Links ==

Revision as of 15:30, 6 June 2007

XPath (XML Path Language) is a language for addressing elements in a XML or HTML document. XPath expressions describe paths in a tree represention of the document.

XPath is very fast compared to manual DOM traversal (see e.g. getElementsByClassName Speed Comparison).

This page is intended for tips and gotchas related to using XPath in Greasemonkey scripts, not complete documentation. See the links below for that.

Using XPath in Greasemonkey

The most convenient way to use XPath in Greasemonkey scripts is with a helper function. The insides of that function illustrate the less convenient way.

Relative paths

Note that relative XPath expressions, that start from some specific node, do not begin with a /. Start them with a period, e.g. .//a, or an axis, e.g. descendant::a. The default axis is child, so just a works to find an immediate descendant.

Extensions

You can quickly determine the XPath to an element with the XPath Checker addon. Just right-click an element and select "XPath". A window will pop up with the expression. You can also experiment with new expressions interactively.

In Firebug, you can right-click a node in the HTML inspector and select "Copy XPath". A $x function (like the XPath helper linked above but with no support for specifying a context node) is available in the Firebug console.

Links