Difference between revisions of "Code snippets"

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Revision as of 15:55, 10 April 2007

Shortcut to document.getElementById

function $(id) {
  return document.getElementById(id);
}

Example usage:

$("header").innerHTML = "Halloa!";

Shortcut to document.createElement with attributes

Creates a new element with the given attribute list

function createElement(type, attributes) {
  var element = document.createElement(type);
  if(attributes != null) {
     for(var i = 0, l = attributes.length; i < l; i++) {
        element.setAttribute(attributes[i][0], attributes[i][1]);
     }
  }
  return element;
}

Example usage:

var link = createElement('link', [['rel', 'stylesheet'], ['type', 'text/css'], ['href', basedir + 'style.css']]);

XPath helper

Run a particular XPath expression p against the context node context (or the document, if not provided).

Returns the results as an array.

function $x(p, context) {
  if (!context) context = document;
  var i, arr = [], xpr = document.evaluate(p, context, null, XPathResult.UNORDERED_NODE_SNAPSHOT_TYPE, null);
  for (i = 0; item = xpr.snapshotItem(i); i++) arr.push(item);
  return arr;
}

Example usage (with Array.forEach):

var i, paragraphs = $x("//p");
paragraphs.forEach(function(paragraph) {  // Loop over every paragraph
  paragraph.innerHTML = "Halloa!";
});

Serialize/deserialize for GM_getValue

Used to store and retrieve multiple values (typically as a serialized hash) in a single GM_getValue slot.

function deserialize(name, def) {
  return eval(GM_getValue(name, (def || '({})')));
}

function serialize(name, val) {
  GM_setValue(name, uneval(val));
}

Example usage:

var settings = {a: 1, b: 2, c: 3};
serialize('test', settings);
var _settings = deserialize('test');
// now "settings == _settings" should be true

DOM node juggling

Remove DOM node

function remove(element) {
  if (element) 
    element.parentNode.removeChild(element);
}

Insert node after node

function insertAfter(newNode, node) {
  return node.parentNode.insertBefore(newNode, node.nextSibling);
}

This works because even if node is the last node, nextSibling returns null so insertBefore puts the new node at the end.

Example usage:

var link = document.getElementById("the_link");
var icon = document.createElement("img");
icon.src = "…";
insertAfter(icon, link);

GET an URL with callback function

Retrieves url using HTTP GET, then calls the function cb with the response text as its single argument.

function get(url, cb) {
  GM_xmlhttpRequest({
    method: "GET",
     url: url,
     onload: function(xhr) { cb(xhr.responseText); }
  });
}

Example usage:

function inform(text) {
  alert("The HTML of the page: " + text);
}
 
get("http://www.google.com", inform);

Advanced createElement for creating hierarchies of elements

Creates an element with attributes as well as child elements with their own attributes and children. Function should be called with arguments in the form of the following hash (note that "child1", "child2" should be hashes of the same structure): createEl({n: nodename, a: {attr1: val, attr2: val}, c: [child1, child2], evl: {type: eventlistener_type, f: eventlistener_function, bubble: bool}}, appendTo)


function createEl(elObj, parent) {
  var el;
  if (typeof elObj == 'string') {
     el = document.createTextNode(elObj);
  }
  else {
     el = document.createElement(elObj.n);
     if (elObj.a) {
        attributes = elObj.a;
        for (var key in attributes) {
           if (key.charAt(0) == '@')
              el.setAttribute(key.substring(1), attributes[key]);
           else 
              el[key] = attributes[key];
        }
     }
     if (elObj.evl) {
        el.addEventListener(elObj.evl.type, elObj.evl.f, elObj.evl.bubble);
     }
     if (elObj.c) {
        elObj.c.forEach(function (v, i, a) { createEl(v, el); });
     }
  }
  if (parent)
     parent.appendChild(el);
  return el;
}


Example usage:

   createEl({n: 'ol', a: {'@class': 'some_list', '@id': 'my_list'}, c: [
   {n: 'li', a: {textContent: 'first point'}, evl: {type: 'click', f: function() {alert('first point');}, bubble: true}},
   {n: 'li', a: {textContent: 'second point'}},
   {n: 'li', a: {textContent: 'third point'}}
   ]}, document.body);