Difference between revisions of "CSS Independent Content"

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(Minor tidywork/rephrasing.)
(Fixed typo. Replaced setTimeout(function, 0) with addEventListener("load", ...) based on discussion page findings.)
Line 13: Line 13:
   
   
  // The about:blank page becomes a blank(!) canvas to modify
  // The about:blank page becomes a blank(!) canvas to modify
  iframe.src = 'about:blank');
  iframe.src = 'about:blank';
   
   
  document.body.appendChild(iframe);
  document.body.appendChild(iframe);
   
   
  // setTimeout(function, 0) lets Firefox initialize the DOM before we try to use it.
  // Make sure Firefox initializes the DOM before we try to use it.
  setTimeout(function() {
  iframe.addEventListener("load", function() {
     var doc = iframe.contentDocument;
     var doc = iframe.contentDocument;
     doc.body.style.background = 'red';
     doc.body.style.background = 'red';
Line 25: Line 24:
     iframe.style.width = doc.body.offsetWidth + "px";
     iframe.style.width = doc.body.offsetWidth + "px";
     iframe.style.height = doc.body.offsetHeight + "px";
     iframe.style.height = doc.body.offsetHeight + "px";
  }, false);
  }, 0);


The above code will result in a minimal panel always-on-top in the bottom left corner, that grows to contain its contents. For a more intrusive lightbox-style panel mid-screen, just drop the two <code>iframe.style</code> lines and change the CSS to e.g.:
The above code will result in a minimal panel always-on-top in the bottom left corner, that grows to contain its contents. For a more intrusive lightbox-style panel mid-screen, just drop the two <code>iframe.style</code> lines and change the CSS to e.g.:

Revision as of 15:23, 6 June 2007

Any HTML you inject into a site is subject to the CSS rules of that site. This is often what you want: the elements you inject will fit in nicely. But if you inject something – perhaps a configuration panel – that should look the same to pages where styles can vary wildly (e.g. MySpace, eBay) or across multiple sites (e.g. @include *), you may find that you want it exempt from the site CSS.

The solution is to add your panel inside an iframe. Example code:

// position:fixed means stay fixed even the page scrolls. z-index keeps your iframe on top.
// The remainder of the line smacks the panel into the bottom left corner, out of your way.
// Overflow (in combination with the setTimeout) ensures the iframe fits your entire panel.
var css = 'position:fixed; z-index:9999; bottom:0; left:0; border:0; margin:0; padding:0; ' +
          'overflow:hidden;'

var iframe = document.createElement('iframe');
iframe.setAttribute('style', css);

// The about:blank page becomes a blank(!) canvas to modify
iframe.src = 'about:blank';

document.body.appendChild(iframe);

// Make sure Firefox initializes the DOM before we try to use it.
iframe.addEventListener("load", function() {
    var doc = iframe.contentDocument;
    doc.body.style.background = 'red';
    doc.body.innerHTML = 'Test.';
    iframe.style.width = doc.body.offsetWidth + "px";
    iframe.style.height = doc.body.offsetHeight + "px";
}, false);

The above code will result in a minimal panel always-on-top in the bottom left corner, that grows to contain its contents. For a more intrusive lightbox-style panel mid-screen, just drop the two iframe.style lines and change the CSS to e.g.:

// Margin, top, left, width and height centers the iframe horizontally and vertically:
var css = 'position:fixed; z-index:9999; border:1px solid black; ' +
          'top:50%; left:50%; width:30em; margin:-15em; 0 0 -10em; height:20em;';